Compare and contrast two theories/
models of relationships and show how
they might be put to use by a specialist who
is usually engaged in lovers counselling
Identity: Zoe Foster
Date: fourteenth January 2015
Module #: 6
Guitar tutor Name: Anni Richardson
Anticipated Word Count number: 2500
Real Word Count: 2634
In this daily news I will check out what is methods to be a couples' counsellor. What theories connect with this setting of guidance and how can these can always be utilised through the sessions. I will also consider a number of the aspects that really must be considered with couples guidance including equipment and important focus areas to support the effective lessons.
Equality, Perception and Exchange of Goods
вЂThe heart great couples guidance is the facilitation of each individual's story and the partner's listening to that story' (O'Leary). O'Leary goes on to discuss the counsellor being a ubersetzungsprogramm, moderator and host. What he strategies this, is definitely the ability to facilitate sessions through:
Understand diverse modalities, people and record in order to convert what a single client can be saying into another's terminology. Moderate the session in such a way that clients' flexibility to speak, although respecting the вЂspace' of some other and that in the counsellor. Assure clients know that you are hosting the sessions in order to deal with timings and contracted procedure.
Social Exchange Theory
The idea suggests вЂsocial change and stability like a process of negotiated exchanges among parties' (Wikipedia). This means an expense and gain approach for just about any involved party developed as the relationship develops. If this balance can be compromised, the consumer who feels they are providing more than they are really receiving can invariably think resentment and may, ultimately, melt the relationship. It requires into account that the value given to a certain expense or praise varies person to person. Originally termed by George Homans (1958). Peter Blau, Rich Emerson, David Thibert, Harold Kelley and others developed various aspects of the idea. We are interested primarily inside the four stage process at the rear of the development of a relationship; displayed below (Thibaut/Kelley):
Figure 1 вЂ“ Bundled Socio Psychology: 4 Phases
As the old saying go вЂpeople change' and frequently as a romantic relationship grows then this definition of what an individual requirements or is usually willing to provide will change. вЂWhen we progress in our interactions, we create new suggestions of costs and rewards within that given romance, and must communicate these new needs in order to decrease discontentment and risk of romance breakups, and increase our happiness. ' (Owen, 2012). Such costs and rewards come in various forms, yet all squeeze into Maslow's Hierarchy of Requirements:
Figure two: Maslow's Structure of Needs
For some, fundamental physiological or safety requirements may be essential. For others, subjects such as intimacy, feeling respected or even backed in actualizing one's potential may come in to play. A large number of factors will certainly affect these types of needs, with respect to the client's environment, culture, philosophy and values to name a few.
More over, costs can even be broken in to key areas; Investment (mental energy and emotional investment), Direct (time, financial and material investments) and Prospect (personal sacrifices to profit the relationship).
Equity theory contrasts favorably with Social Exchange Theory in the fact there is a balance between two parties and a sense of justness or equality. Originally coined by John Stacy Adams in 1963, whilst looking at job motivation. Collateral theory advises motivation when an individual feels fairly cared for, and demotivated when not. The theory takes into account the very fact that this watch comes about once individuals assess themselves with others of a similar situation (business balls).
There are many aspects to the theory. Walster, Walster and Berscheid (1978) contributed further more to Adams work through their very own...
Bibliography: Erksine, R. G, Moursund, M. P, Trautman, R. L (1999) Beyond Empathy: A therapy of Contact-in-Relationship. Abingdon: Routledge
Huseman, R. C
O'Leary, C. J (1999). Counselling lovers and people: A person-centered approach. Greater london: SAGE Guides Ltd.
Owen, Sam (2012) Blog: Cultural Exchange Theory and Your Associations. [Online]
Obtainable from: http://www.relationshipscoach.co.uk/blog/social-exchange-theory-and-your-relationships/ [Accessed: 14th January 2015]